John Bardeen
John Bardeen, who graduated from Madison Central High School in 1923, is the only person to win the Nobel Prize for Physics twice. In 1956, Bardeen, whose father, Charles Russell Bardeen, was the founder of the Medical School at the University of Wisconsin, shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with Walter Houser Brattain and William Bradford Shockley. It was awarded for "for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect." In 1972, Bardeen shared The Nobel Prize in Physics with Leon Neil Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer. It was awarded for "for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory."

Interred at Forest Hill